A PROSPECTOR AND HIS OUTFIT
The following list of necessaries it is as full as can
be given by anyone, and is more than the average prospector generally needs. As
a rule, we would say take as little as you possibly can, and do not overburden
yourself with impedimenta.
First. Two pairs of heavy blankets,
weighing about 8 pounds each.
Second. A buffalo robe or blanket lined
Third. Suit of strong gray woolen
clothes, pair of brown jean trousers, a change of woolen underclothing, woolen
socks, pair of heavy boots, soft felt hat, three or four large colored
handkerchiefs, a pair of buckskin gauntlets, toilet articles, etc. All should
go into a strong canvas bag.
Fourth. A breach-Loading rifle or
shotgun and a revolver. Around his waist a strong sash to carry his holster and
knife, in a sheath. His ammunition, if his revolver is a large bore, may
conveniently fit both his rifle and revolver. Pipe and tobacco.
Fifth. A sure-footed native or
mountain pony. A Mexican saddle with its saddle horn, straps, etc., to tie on
various things, such as his pack, bags, water canteen, etc. The left stirrup
may be fitted with a leather tube, in which the rifle barrel may be placed. A
strap around the saddle horn will secure the gun stock. The long lariat or
stake rope for tethering his horse should be coiled up and tied by a strap to
the saddle horn.
Sixth. For prospecting, a 'poll' pick,
an iron prospecting pan, and a horn spoon should be carried. The pan besides
being useful for washing out sand serves also as a dish or bathing vessel. A
large iron spoon for melting certain metals is likewise to be carried, and in
some cases a small portable Battersea assaying furnace.
Seventh. A frying pan 8 inches
diameter, of wrought iron, a coffee pot, tin cup, spoon and fork, and matches
in tin box, pocket compass, a spy glass, or pair of field glasses.
Eighth. Provisions: bacon, flour,
beans, coffee or tea, pepper, salt, and box of yeast powder, all packed in
strong bags, to go into a canvas sack. A few lessons in the kitchen on cooking
will be advantageous before starting.
Ninth. Packing the bronco: Place a
folded blanket on the horse's back; on this lay the saddle. The saddle bags
contain small things. The bags with provisions are placed behind the cantle of
the saddle; on top of this the bag of clothing. The pick goes on top, tied by a
thong. Coffee pot and frying pan are lashed on the bags. Sometimes a prospector
takes a horse to ride on and another as a pack animal, or a donkey only. For
grass and water for his horse he must trust to the country, and he will fix his
temporary camp in some suitable location, where these are to be found, and
thence, as from headquarters, prospect daily the adjacent country, returning
nightly, it may be, to his camp.