Hey Jesse, as for GPAA claims in the SE. There are 3, they are all leases so that's the section of the mining guide you need to look in. There are 4 sectons about areas you can go in the guide, Claims, Leases, Pay to Play, and Public lands.
The first is Coker Creek in lower SE Tenn, it is just south of the town of Coker Creek, TN.
In west GA there's the Farm Claim just outside of Buchanan, GA. it's north of I-20 off of exit 11.
In AL just east of the Talladaga Mtns near Delta, AL, there is Curvins Cow Pasture.
These are ALL the GPAA locations in the SE.
There are also "pay to play" locations listed in the guide, you get a 10% GPAA discount at most of these locations, there is 1 n AL, the Ala Gold Camp outside of Cragford, AL. This is a really nice place with decent rates, good folks and nice gold. It is my favorite "p2p" location.
There is 1 in GA, Gold and Gem Grubbin outside of Cleveland, Ga. but they are real expensive.
Then there are the "p2p" places in NC, Vein Mtn.gold and emerald camp, Thermal City Gold mine, and the Lucky Strike Mine, just to mention a few.
And like Scott says there's Nat forest land (pan and trowel only), no National parks or Wildlife Managemant areas (WMA's) though. In GA there is also the Corp of Engineers property around Lake Allatoona, north of Atlanta, You can "pan and shovel" on any of the creeks around the lake, as long as they are accessed from public property and you don't cross private property without permission. This area has decent gold as there were 30+ gold mines in the area some as late as the 1930's. Sixes Rd in that area is called that because there were 6 gold mines along there.
If you ever get a chance come by the Farm Claim in Buchanan,GA on the 2nd Sat of the month from Mar - Nov, that is were we, ( the NW GA chapter of the GPAA) meet and take care of the claim. You're welcome to any meeting, we have a day of personal mining, a pot luck dinner,our chapter meeting and then a raffle. We have a great group of folks and always have a blast. I am the Outings Coordinator of the chapter.
Good Luck and keep in touch.